The territory and its history

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The favourable climate, the proximity to the cultural and touristic sites of Campania, the hotels and thermal baths, the sea, the abundance of artistic and historical evidence from the 7th century BC onwards, and the amazing landscapes that stretch from sea to mountain together make up the uniqueness of these lands. The hotels and accommodation structures are all provided with modern comforts, and feature views overlooking the gulf of Naples. The area is just as rich with restaurants: whether quaint and intimate, or of modern style, each place offers a genuine seafood cuisine as well as local cheeses and wines, renowned since ancient times. The coast of Vico Equense is a sequence of beaches of clear sea water, all equipped with modern bathing facilities. From Castellammare to Scrajo (site rich with sulphur springs with therapeutic properties) the beaches are popular and connected to enchanting parts of the coast that extend towards Marina di Vico. After a stretch of open sea, underneath the overhanging gothic cathedral, begins Marina di Aequa filled with tourist and bathing resorts, which ends with the beach of the “Calcare”, as it is known. In the 1st century AC Silio Italico, in his poem “Punica”, narrates the death of a soldier named Murrano in the battle of Trasimeno in 217 AC. In this passage he used the word “Aequana” to describe a territory not far from Sorrento from which the hero hailed. Medieval documents also attest to a site no longer prosperous by the name Aequa (probably Aqueana, home of Murrano) on the tidal plain known as “Pèczolo”. However, more ancient urban and archaeological sources suggest that another settlement of ippodameo structure just by the sloping plane, hung over the Aequana was the one that Silio Italico was referring to. This is less likely since the documents from Medieval times onwards identify Aequa as being on the tidal plain. This nameless, ancient settlement on the sloping plane is still mostly preserved, and features a necropolis filled with grave goods dating back to the 7th century BC, now kept in the Antiquarium. In the Early Middle Ages this site was progressively abandoned, and became so poor that it was reduced to the mere “locality” “ad Vicum dicitur”, as attested by a document from 1213. With the Angevin administration first and the Aragon one later, that “Vicus” enjoyed better luck and regained a prominent role, whilst Aequa progressively decayed. A ring of walls was constructed around the ippodomea-planted town, and on the overhanging cliff a new cathedral was built, transferred from Aequa. At the end of the high point a Bishop’s palace was erected; opposite the ridge were the castle’s ramparts; and in the elongated insulae, on the most ancient foundations, were the residential constructions. It thus became Vico Equense, since very little remained of Aequa desolata. Surrounding the hamlet, near the churches and convents, new settlements were born. Finally, outside the town walls, the 19th century road division for Sorrento generated new urban geometries which together with the Angevin/Aragon site and the many other medieval casali characterise this ancient land to this day.


Comune di Vico Equense - Ufficio Turismo e Cultura

sede legale Corso Filangieri, 98
Tel.: +39 081/8019100
sede operativa Viale Rimembranza, 1
Tel.: +39 081/8019500
Cod. Fiscale: 82007510637
Part. IVA: 01548611217
80069 Vico Equense (NA) 

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